Sony Vegas project properties with HV20/30

The NTSC HV20 cameras can record in 60i and PF24 modes, the PAL ones can do 50i and 25p, while the NTSC version of HV30 also adds PF30 support to the mix. The HV40 can also do true 24p. The common question that Vegas users have is “which project properties should I use for each mode before I start editing?”. So, load the “project properties” dialog and follow the info below:

1. 60i or 50i
If you shot using the default mode of your camera, simply use the supplied HDV 1080i template for either 60i (NTSC) or 50i (PAL). I recommend the “interpolate” de-interlacing method though and the “best” quality.

2. PF30
If you shot in PF30 mode with your NTSC Canon HD camera, select the HDV 1080/60i template, but change the “field order” to “progressive” and the de-interlacing method to “none”. Quality should always be set to “best”.

3. PF25
If you shot in PF25 mode with your PAL Canon HD camera, select the HDV 1080/50i template, but change the “field order” to “progressive” and the de-interlacing method to “none”. Quality should always be set to “best”.

4. PF24
By default, PF24 is just 60i, not true 24p. But if you do the extra work to remove pulldown (tutorial for HDV, and for AVCHD), you get a true progressive 24p stream which is and should be handled differently.
Case A: If you have not removed pulldown before you entered Vegas to start editing, then you should just use the supplied HDV 1080/60i template unmodified. I recommend the “interpolate” de-interlacing method for when exporting though.
Case B: If you have removed pulldown, then you use the HDV 1080/60i template, but change the “field order” to “progressive”, the de-interlacing method to “none” or “interpolate”, and the frame rate to “23.976” (type it exactly like this if it’s not available in the list). If Vegas does not recognize the footage as progressive, provided that you removed pulldown properly, look here for a workaround.

5. 24p
If you shot in 24p mode with your NTSC HV40 camera, select the HDV 1080/60i template, but change the “field order” to “progressive” and the de-interlacing method to “none”. Also, change the frame rate to exactly 23.976 fps (type it exactly like this if it’s not available in the list). Quality should always be set to “best”.

6. AVCHD
If you are using AVCHD cameras instead of HDV, use the “full HD” templates rather than the HDV ones (in the project properties dialog). For example, the full template will read 1920×1080 instead of 1440×1080, with aspect ratio 1.000 instead of 1.333. Only very few, older, AVCHD cameras are also 1440×1080 instead of 1920×1080 (e.g. the Canon HG10). Then, modify these templates the same way as described above.

7. Other cameras
If you are using a different source than HDV/AVCHD, then use step 1 of this tutorial to setup the right project properties.

And of course, if you are using these non-standard recording modes a lot, you can “save” a new template under a new name in the project properties dialog, so you won’t have to change these options again in the future manually, but you just pick them up from the template listing.

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